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When you consider surgical treatment, it is helpful to weigh your current condition against the possible benefits and risks of surgery. It is important to ask questions until you are comfortable with your understanding of the procedure, the possible benefits and the associated risks.

The risks of surgery include: leakage of spinal fluid through the membrane repair that creates a fluid pocket in the muscle (pseudomeningocele), infection in the wound or in the spinal fluid (meningitis), occipital pain (occipital neuralgia) and neurological injury such as hemorrhage or stroke. As with any major surgery under general anesthesia, pneumonia and cardiac problems are also possible. Fortunately, for most people the risks are low. Dr. Oró will discuss the risks with you and your family.